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Attitude to work

I wish to preach, not the doctrine of ignoble ease, but the doctrine of the strenuous life.
- Theodore Roosevelt


Two different attitudes to work are shown in response to the question - Do you 'work to live' or 'live to work'? The former shows work as a means to an end - enjoying life outside the work environment; the latter shows the dedicated individual whose life is their work. Within a department these two positions, taken to extremes, can cause conflict and prove incompatible.

Motivation:
 An organization depends on well-motivated people. How work is rewarded is a factor in promoting the right attitude.  Are rewards purely for results or are they for effort as well?  People doing a good job in difficult conditions are often passed over for those who strike lucky with little effort.  Similarly, bright students should not get all the prizes.

Maslow's hierarchy: 
The right attitude towards work, requires the following hierarchy of needs to be fulfilled (most basic first). 
Physiological - food, shelter and clothing - satisfied by a wage and by the physical working environment.
Security
- protection from danger and bullying, job security, provision for illness, good terms and conditions.
Belonging
- the need for relationships and a feeling of belonging and being part of a group.
Esteem
- the desire to enjoy self-respect and the respect of colleagues and managers and to have efforts recognized.
Self-development
- the need to develop new skills, progress in a career, assume responsibility and develop personally.

Encouraging environment
Fair and equal treatment
Clear objectives
Rewarding good work
Cohesive group
Approachable management

Managers supporting staff

Discouraging environment
People treated differently
None, or conflicting objectives
Good work going unnoticed
Group at odds with each other
Management won’t listen
Managers 'owning' staff  >>>